Bad decision vs stupid decision

One of the undisputed rules of storytelling is to hurt your characters: the protagonist must either fail to achieve a goal and in so doing make things worse, or achieve that goal at a cost that outweighs the benefit. If the writer is doing it right, in most cases things spiral out of control because of decisions and resulting actions from the protagonist.

However, there is nothing worse than having characters act stupidly as a plot device. Call it stubbornness, or impetuosity, or bravado . . . when your protag gets themself into an avoidable situation it can be pretty hard to convince a reader that they aren’t just plain dumb. (We’ve all read novels where we’ve rolled our eyes and cringed.)

The thing is that of course the protag is going to make a bad decision — it wouldn’t make a good story otherwise. And it may be for one or more of those reasons. But the author has to establish first that the protag could not possibly have made any other decision, whether it’s to do with the core aspects of their character, some form of coercion, ignorance or whatever. The reader needs to believe as the ensuing disaster unfolds. They need to empathise with the character’s choice, not label him/her an idiot, which totally undermines the story.

What is interesting — and increases the writing challenge — is that different readers have varying levels of engagement with characters and hence have different tolerance levels for ‘bad’ decisions. 

So what is the ideal balance between bad, stupid and acceptable when it comes to character decision-making?

2 thoughts on “Bad decision vs stupid decision

  1. I think its important that the Reader believes the its the decision the character would always make, regardless of whether its a bad or stupid one. They don’t have to like or even agree with the decisions, but as long as the believe the character is being true to themselves when making them it should work out well.

    As an example, in a book I like, a character is led to his doom by the decisions he makes based on his honorable character. Unfortunately this leaves him vulnerable to some of the less honorable characters, and while you as a reader are screaming at him to make different choices, you also know that him making the ‘smarter’ choice would be out of character.


    1. Yes, I completely agree 100%. But sometimes I don’t think authors are successful enough at making you believe the characters would be that headstrong, or stubborn (or honorable) etc. Unless they do it can come across very contrived. That’s the challenge for the writer! (I’ve read a spate of very frustrating books lately . . .)


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